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ADVANTAGES
 

Egypt is a rich country in human resources, with a good mix of semi-skilled and highly qualified labor force. Around 96% of the 73 million Egyptians live in the Nile Valley and Delta, with 16 million residing in Cairo and 6 million in Alexandria . Approximately one-third of the workforce is employed in agriculture. An estimated 47% of Egypt 's economic and social establishments are in the Cairo and Alexandria governorates, which host 25% of the labor force.

The number of non-Egyptian employees in any establishment must not exceed 10 percent of the total work force for unskilled or semiskilled workers. For skilled workers the limit of Egyptian labor is 25 percent. Also total compensation of foreign employees must not exceed 35 percent of the total payroll of the establishment.

The Egyptian labor market is regulated by the new unified Labor Law No. 12 for 2003. The new law aims at increasing the private sector involvement and at the same time achieving a balance between employees' and employers' rights

Cost of Labor ($/hour)

Low manufacturing cost

Egypt is also characterized by its low manufacturing cost:

Electric Power Cost (c/kWh)

Water Cost (c/m3)

Gas Cost (c/m3)

Buildings Cost ($/SGM)

 

 

 
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